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Food Poison Journal Food Poisoning Outbreaks and Litigation: Surveillance and Analysis

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Salmonella is Fowl as it Flocks to Backyard Chickens

big-map-06-01-17The CDC, many state departments of health and agriculture, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service are investigating eight multistate outbreaks of human Salmonellainfections linked to contact with live poultry in backyard flocks.

These outbreaks are caused by several kinds of Salmonella bacteria: Salmonella Braenderup, Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Hadar, Salmonella I 4,[5],12:i-, Salmonella Indiana, Salmonella Infantis, Salmonella Mbandaka, and Salmonella Typhimurium.

As of May 25, 2017, 372 people infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella have been reported from 47 states.

  • Illnesses started on dates ranging from January 4, 2017 to May 13, 2017.
  • 71 ill people have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.
  • 36% of ill people are children younger than 5 years.

Epidemiologic, traceback, and laboratory findings link the eight outbreaks to contact with live poultry, such as chicks and ducklings, which come from several hatcheries.

In interviews, 190 (83%) of 228 ill people reported contact with live poultry in the week before illness started.

People reported purchasing live baby poultry from several sources, including feed supply stores, websites, hatcheries, and from relatives.

Contact with live poultry and the areas where they live and roam can make people sick with Salmonellainfections. Chicks, ducklings, and other live poultry that look healthy and clean can still carry Salmonella bacteria.

Outbreaks linked to contact with live poultry have increased in recent years as more people keep backyard flocks. In 2016, a record number of illnesses were linked to contact with backyard poultry.

Rojo Mexican Bistro Linked to Salmonella Saintpaul Outbreak in Michigan

191b6e_7ae80eb61be34de08a1a0162ea5900d5The Rojo Mexican Bistro on Main Street in Rochester has been closed temporarily while Oakland County health inspectors investigate the spread of a rare form of Salmonella.

The Oakland County Health Division is investigating 15 cases of Salmonella saintpaul, a specific strain of Salmonella. Cases have also been identified in other Michigan counties, as well as Ohio and Illinois.

“The ongoing investigation suggests that the Salmonella is being spread through personal contact,” said Dr. Pamela Hackert, chief of medical services at the Health Division. “Residents are reminded to wash their hands thoroughly before every meal and after using the restroom.”

Salmonella is a bacteria that gets into the intestines and causes illness. Most persons infected develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12-72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4-7 days, and most people recover without treatment. Infants, elderly persons, and those with impaired immune systems are at a higher risk of developing severe illness.

To reduce the risk of contracting Salmonella:

  • Hand washing is essential and one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infection. Wash hands thoroughly, especially after using the bathroom, changing diapers, and before preparing and eating food. Rub hands vigorously with soap and warm running water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Wash hands with soap after handling reptiles, birds, or baby chicks, and after contact with pet feces.
  • Clean and disinfect all surface areas if someone in the household or workplace has symptoms, especially areas such as toilets, sinks, trashcans, doorknobs and faucet handles.
  • Do not prepare food if you have symptoms and refrain from food preparation for at least three days after symptoms have ended, or two weeks after onset of clinical symptoms, whichever is longer.

Salmonella:  Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm, is the nation’s leading law firm representing victims of Salmonella outbreaks. The Salmonella lawyers of Marler Clark have represented thousands of victims of Salmonella and other foodborne illness outbreaks and have recovered over $600 million for clients.  Marler Clark is the only law firm in the nation with a practice focused exclusively on foodborne illness litigation.  Our Salmonella lawyers have litigated Salmonella cases stemming from outbreaks traced to a variety of foods, such as cantaloupe, tomatoes, ground turkey, salami, sprouts, cereal, peanut butter, and food served in restaurants.  The law firm has brought Salmonella lawsuits against such companies as Cargill, ConAgra, Peanut Corporation of America, Sheetz, Taco Bell, Subway and Wal-Mart.

If you or a family member became ill with a Salmonella infection, including Reactive Arthritis or Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), after consuming food and you’re interested in pursuing a legal claim, contact the Marler Clark Salmonella attorneys for a free case evaluation.

Boston Restaurants Linked to Salmonella Outbreak

Two Boston restaurants, both in the same Back Bay building, have been temporarily closed by city health inspectors for multiple cases of Salmonella poisoning.

Seven people have reportedly become sick after eating at Back Bay Sandwich and Café Med on St. James Avenue, according to Boston Inspectional Services.

Both restaurants have been suspended from operations.  See inspection results:

Back Bay Sandwich inspection reports – https://www.cityofboston.gov/isd/health/mfc/history.aspx?arg=OJcgiJGEdEU=

Café Med inspection reports – https://www.cityofboston.gov/isd/health/mfc/history.aspx?arg=uSjCJ5G/eTQ=

Salmonella Tainted Basil Seeds Recalled

UCM560224L.A. Lucky Import & Export Inc. announced it is voluntarily recalling L.A. Lucky Brand Basil Seeds 2.1 oz due to presence of Salmonella in the packet. Salmonella is an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare circumstances, infection with Salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illnesses such as arterial infections (i.e., infected aneurysms), endocarditis and arthritis.

L.A. Lucky Basil Seeds 2.1 oz were distributed nationwide in retail stores October 1, 2015 to May 15, 2017.

The product comes in a 2.1 ounce, clear plastic package marked with UPC # 820678201697. There are no other codes on the product.

No illnesses have been reported to date in connection with this problem.

The potential for contamination was noted after routine testing by the company revealed the presence of Salmonella in some 2.1 ounce packages of L.A. Lucky Brand Basil Seeds 2.1 oz.

L.A. Lucky has detained this item.

Customers who purchased these recalled products should dispose of the product.

Pork Rinds with Salmonella Recalled

Screen Shot 2017-05-01 at 2.07.23 PMPork Rinds & Snacks, LLC, a Spartanburg, S.C. establishment, is recalling approximately 7,629 pounds of pork skin products that may be contaminated with Salmonella, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced today.

The ready-to-eat pork skin items were produced on various dates between Sept. 27, 2016 and Dec. 13, 2016. The following products are subject to recall: [View Labels (PDF only)]

  • 4022 lbs. of 9/16 oz. plastic packages containing “WALLACE’S OLD FASHIONED FRIED PORK SKINS FLAVORED WITH Salsa & Sour Cream SEASONING CHICHARRONES” with Best By dates ranging from “JAN 05 17” to “MAR 23 17.”
  • 3208-lbs. of 1.5 oz. plastic packages containing “WALLACE’S OLD FASHIONED FRIED PORK SKINS FLAVORED WITH SALSA & SOUR CREAM SEASONING CHICHARRONES” with Best By dates ranging from “JAN 05 17” to “MAR 23 17.”
  • 399-lbs. of 9/16 oz. plastic packages containing “COUNTRY TIME Old Fashioned Fried PORK SKINS CHICHARRONES SALSA & SOUR CREAM FLAVOR” with Best By dates ranging from “JAN 05 17”to “MAR 23 17.”

The products subject to recall bear establishment number “EST. M00888” inside the USDA mark of inspection. These items were shipped to retail locations in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia.

The problem was discovered when the company’s seasoning supplier notified the company that the seasoning mix contained milk powder recalled by Valley Milk Products. Valley Milk Products recalled nonfat high heat milk powder and sweet cream buttermilk powder products on December 9, 2016, due to potential Salmonella contamination. For details on that recall please see Valley Milk Products Recalls Milk and Buttermilk Powder Because of Possible Health Risks.

There have been no confirmed reports of illness or adverse reactions due to consumption of these products.

Salmonella Recall: Dip Trio Mix

ucm555663Phoenix Food, LLC (the company) of Canton, Texas announced it is voluntarily recalling select Dip Trio Mixes due to the potential presence of Salmonella in the seasoning packet.  Salmonella is an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare circumstances, infection with Salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illnesses such as arterial infections (i.e., infected aneurysms), endocarditis and arthritis.

This voluntary recall is the direct result of a supplier’s recent recall of jalapeno powder that could contain Salmonella.  Although no Salmonella was found in the jalapeno powder supplied to Phoenix Food, the company has decided to recall these products out of an abundance of caution.

The Dip Trio Mix contains a dry mix packaged in a plastic barrier bag labeled “Jalapeno Bacon”. The bag is inserted into a red box entitled Dip Trio Mix.  Specific lot codes: K110420161, K111220161 & K111120161, located on the top of the box, are the products affected by this recall.

Ginger Powder with Salmonella Recalled

519u77F5DlL._AC_US160_LORDS ORGANICS is recalling Ginger Powder Product from AGF Organic Veda, because it has the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella, an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare circumstances, infection with Salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illnesses such as arterial infections (i.e., infected aneurysms), endocarditis and arthritis.

Product was distributed through ecommerce amazon.com online sales delivered through mail order postal delivery.

This problem is on the Organic Veda’s Ginger Powder product that has Batch No: A324DGRP, MFD: AUG 2015, Best Before: July 2017 in 16 Oz clear jar with red color lid, manufactured by AGF Ltd.

There is no illnesses reported to date.

The recall was as the result of a voluntary recall program by the company as learnt by sampling that the finished products contained the bacteria in that batch.  The company has ceased distribution of the product as precautionary measure and the company continue their investigation as to what caused the problem.

Missouri Mystery Salmonella Outbreak Tops 36

salmonellaThe News Tribune reported today that more Salmonella cases continue to be reported in Mid-Missouri, bringing the total to 36 as of Monday.

Fourteen of the 36 reported cases involve individuals who ate at the same (Mystery) Jefferson City restaurant, said Cole County Health Department Director Kristi Campbell, noting those numbers include cases from Cole as well as surrounding counties.

“It is a very common Salmonella strain that is in eggs and chicken,” Campbell said.

She did not specify the restaurant in question, as inspections and code enforcement of restaurants in city limits are under the city’s jurisdiction, but said the city and Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (MODHSS) are working with the restaurant.

Campbell noted lab results from all 36 reported cases show the same Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern. PFGE testing identifies the specific fingerprint of the Salmonella strain. The MODHSS State Public Health Laboratory performs these tests in Missouri.

Jefferson City Mystery Restaurant Likely Tied to Salmonella Outbreak

The News Tribune Opinion Page today:

With the recent uptick in salmonella cases in Cole County, keep in mind precautions are more productive than panic.

As of Tuesday, 25 cases had been reported in the county. While that’s an increase from the norm, it’s no epidemic. About 78,000 people live in the county.

Of 20 cases reported the previous Friday, 13 of those affected were found to have a common denominator: They all ate at a particular restaurant.

The county health department says that alone doesn’t confirm the restaurant is the culprit, but is continuing its investigation into the outbreak.

They have asked the Jefferson City’s Environmental Health Services Division to investigate safe food-handling procedures at that food establishment, as well as others named by the affected individuals. That division inspects local restaurants.

Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm, is the nation’s leading law firm representing victims of Salmonella outbreaks. The Salmonella lawyers of Marler Clark have represented thousands of victims of Salmonella and other foodborne illness outbreaks and have recovered over $600 million for clients.  Marler Clark is the only law firm in the nation with a practice focused exclusively on foodborne illness litigation.  Our Salmonella lawyers have litigated Salmonella cases stemming from outbreaks traced to a variety of foods, such as cantaloupe, tomatoes, ground turkey, salami, sprouts, cereal, peanut butter, and food served in restaurants.  The law firm has brought Salmonella lawsuits against such companies as Cargill, ConAgra, Peanut Corporation of America, Sheetz, Taco Bell, Subway and Wal-Mart.

If you or a family member became ill with a Salmonella infection, including Reactive Arthritis or Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), after consuming food and you’re interested in pursuing a legal claim, contact the Marler Clark Salmonella attorneys for a free case evaluation.

Potato Chips with Jalapeño flavor Recalled over Salmonella Risk

Screen Shot 2017-04-22 at 12.35.02 AMFrito-Lay today announced it is voluntarily recalling select Jalapeño Flavored Lay’s Kettle Cooked potato chips and Jalapeño Flavored Miss Vickie’s Kettle Cooked potato chips due to the potential presence of Salmonella in the seasoning. Salmonella is an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare circumstances, infection with Salmonella can result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illnesses such as arterial infections (i.e., infected aneurysms), endocarditis and arthritis.

This action is the direct result of a supplier’s recent recall of a seasoning blend which includes jalapeño powder that could contain Salmonella. Although no Salmonella was found in the seasoning supplied to Frito-Lay, the company has decided to recall these products out of an abundance of caution.

No illness related to this matter has been confirmed to date.

The products covered by this recall were distributed in retail stores and via foodservice, vending and other channels throughout the U.S.

The specific recalled product information is listed below:

  • All sizes of the following two products that have a “guaranteed fresh” date of JUL 4 or prior printed on the front upper panel of the package:
    • Jalapeño Flavored Lay’s Kettle Cooked potato chips
    • Jalapeño Flavored Miss Vickie’s Kettle Cooked potato chips
  • All of the following multipack offerings that have a “use by” date of JUN 20 or prior printed on the multipack package. In addition, a “guaranteed fresh” date of JUL 4 or prior is printed on the front upper panel of the individual recalled product packages inside each multipack offering. Any other products or flavors contained in these multipacks are not being recalled.
    • 12 count Lay’s Kettle Cooked Multipack Sack
    • 20 count Frito-Lay Bold Mix Sack
    • 30 count Miss Vickie’s Multipack Tray
    • 30 count Lay’s Kettle Cooked Multipack Tray
    • 32 count Miss Vickie’s Multipack Box