Header graphic for print
Food Poison Journal Food Poisoning Outbreaks and Litigation: Surveillance and Analysis

Turtles and Chickens and Ducks with Salmonella – Oh my!

Turtles:

A total of 391 persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella have been reported from 40 states and the District of Columbia.

29% of ill persons have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.

71% of ill persons are children 10 years of age or younger, and 33% of ill persons are children 1 year of age or younger.

Results of the epidemiologic and environmental investigations indicate exposure to turtles or their environments (e.g., water from a turtle habitat) is the cause of these outbreaks.

Chickens and Ducks:

A total of 125 persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Infantis, Salmonella Lille, Salmonella Newport, or Salmonella Mbandaka have been reported from 26 states.

The number of ill persons identified in each state is as follows: Alabama (3), Arizona (3), California (1), Colorado (2), Connecticut (3), Delaware (1), Georgia (1), Illinois (4), Indiana (1), Kentucky (4), Maine (1), Maryland (1), Massachusetts (7), Minnesota (3), Mississippi (2), Nebraska (1), New Jersey (2), New York (10), North Carolina (10), Ohio (19), Pennsylvania (8), Tennessee (12), Vermont (2), Virginia (3), West Virginia (15), and Wisconsin (6).

29% of ill persons have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.

41% of ill persons are children 10 years of age or younger.

Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback findings have linked this outbreak of human Salmonella Infantis, Salmonella Lille, Salmonella Newport, and Salmonella Mbandaka infections to contact with chicks, ducklings, and other live baby poultry from Mt. Healthy Hatchery in Ohio.

Chickens Again:

A total of 307 persons infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Typhimurium have been reported from 37 states.

The number of ill persons identified in each state is as follows: Alabama (1), Arizona (7), California (9), Colorado (37) Florida (5), Georgia (4), Idaho (3), Illinois (1), Indiana (10), Iowa (7), Kansas (15), Kentucky (4), Louisiana (9), Massachusetts (2), Minnesota (3), Mississippi (6), Missouri (18), Montana (2), Nebraska (14), Nevada (1), New Hampshire (1), New Mexico (16), New York (17), North Dakota (5), Oklahoma (15), Oregon (10), South Carolina (1), Tennessee (2), Texas (32), Utah (10), Vermont (1), Washington (19), West Virginia (1), Wisconsin (5), and Wyoming (4).

Among 193 ill persons with available information, 49 (25%) have been hospitalized.

60% of ill persons are children 10 years of age or younger.

Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback findings have linked this outbreak of human Salmonella Typhimurium infections to contact with chicks, ducklings, and other live baby poultry purchased from multiple feed stores and sourced from multiple mail-order hatcheries.