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Food Poison Journal

Food Poisoning Outbreaks and Litigation: Surveillance and Analysis

Miravalle Foods Recalls Achiote Molido Ground Annato Spice Due to Salmonella Risk

Miravalle Foods, Inc. of El Monte, CA, is conducting a voluntarily recall on its 0.75 ounce packages of Miravalle brand Achiote Molido Ground Annato spice because they have the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella, an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare circumstances, infection with Salmonellacan result in the organism getting into the bloodstream and producing more severe illnesses such as arterial infections (i.e., infected aneurysms), endocarditis and arthritis.

The recalled packages of Ground Annato 0.75 oz. were distributed in California, Utah, Idaho, Colorado, Nevada, Washington and Oregon, in retail stores.

The product comes in a 0.75 ounce, clear plastic package marked with lot # 0015 & #0018 on the top of the UPC number (712810005020).

No illnesses have been reported to date in connection with this problem.

The potential for contamination was noted after routine testing by FDA revealed the presence of Salmonella in some 0.75 ounce packages of “Ground Annato.”

Production of the product has been suspended while FDA, California Department of Public Health, and Miravalle Foods, Inc. continue their investigation as to the source of the problem.

As of April 21, 2014, a total of 132 persons infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Cotham have been reported from 31 states since February 21, 2012.

  • 58% of ill persons are children 5 years of age or younger.
  • 42% of ill persons have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.

Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback findings have linked this outbreak of Salmonella infections to contact with pet bearded dragons purchased from multiple stores in different states. Bearded dragons are popular pet lizards that come in a variety of colors.

Of the three isolates collected from ill persons, one (33%) was resistant to ceftriaxone, an antibiotic used to treat serious Salmonella infections.

Greenfield Dairy Raw Milk Listeria Recall

Consumers who purchased raw milk from Greenfield Dairy, 1450 Tittle Road, Middleburg, should discard it immediately due to possible Listeria monocytogenes contamination.

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture today said raw milk collected during required routine sampling by a commercial laboratory on April 8 tested positive for the bacteria.

Greenfield Dairy owned by Paul Weaver, sells directly to consumers at an on-farm retail store. The packaged raw milk is sold under the Greenfield Dairy label in half gallon glass containers dated April 18, 21, 22 and 24. It is labeled as “raw milk.”

Agriculture officials have ordered the owner of the dairy to stop the sale of all raw milk until further notice. Two samples taken at least 24 hours apart must test negative before the farm can resume raw milk sales.

Raw milk is milk that has not been pasteurized.

Pennsylvania law allows farms to sell raw milk but requires the farms to be permitted and inspected by the agriculture department to reduce health risks associated with unpasteurized products. There are 175 farms in Pennsylvania permitted to sell raw milk or raw milk cheese.

Over 300 Seek Hepatitis A Vaccines after eating at La Fontana in Nyack

According to press reports, more than 300 people who had eaten at La Fontana restaurant in Nyack between March 29 and April 1 received free vaccines last weekend for Hepatitis A.

The Rockland County Department of Health gave out the free vaccines after announcing last week that a case of Hepatitis A had been identified in a worker at the restaurant.

But not everyone who may have been exposed was vaccinated.

The vaccine is most effective when given within 14 days of exposure to the virus, therefore patrons who ate at the restaurant between March 19 and March 28 would not benefit from vaccination, health officials said.

Instead they encourage those who were not vaccinated, but visited the restaurant between March 19 and April 1 to see a doctor if symptoms develop.